Dubrovnik (in Croatian Dubrovnik) is a medieval city that is part of southern Dalmatia, inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. `` Those who seek the Earthly Paradise must come to see Dubrovnik``.
Tourist and cultural center
Dubrovnik’s undeniable charm and beauty reside in its long and rich history. Over the many centuries of its existence, Dubrovnik has established itself as an independent and powerful city, thanks also to its specific geographical position, which has undoubtedly contributed to its economic and maritime development in the Adriatic and the Mediterranean, maintaining, despite the its turbulent history, its own economic autonomy even during the dark medieval times, and even under the Venetian Republic. But the most prosperous era of Dubrovnik begins without doubt with the foundation of the Republic of Ragusa (the Italian equivalent of Dubrovnik) in the fifteenth century which was the first European nation to abolish slavery. The era of prosperity and prosperity reached its peak in the sixteenth century with the development of maritime trade and the local navy, which earned Dubrovnik one of the first places among the commercial powers of the world.
As often happens in these cases, financial security encouraged the formation of a specific lifestyle in the city: a circle of humanists supported the explosion of creativity, which still yielded tangible and visible fruit today in architecture, urban planning, poetry, in science and literature. It is no coincidence that some of the most famous Croatian artists lived during that period, leaving their indelible mark.
We remember, among others, the names of Marin Držić (Marino Darsa), Ivan Gundulić (Giovanni Gondola) and Ruđer Bošković (Ruggero Boscovich). Among the most famous buildings of that period we mention the Church of St. Biagio, the Dubrovnik Cathedral and the Rector’s Palace. At the end of the twentieth century, Croatia declared its independence, thus provoking Serb aggression in the territory.
Dubrovnik was among the first cities to be attacked in 1991, suffering a brutal destruction and numerous victims. Much of the city was devastated, but thanks to a valuable restoration, Dubrovnik can still preserve its priceless beauty, making it one of Croatia’s most loved summer destinations.
What to visit in Dubrovnik
Built in 1438 by the Neapolitan Onofrio della Cava, it was part of an aqueduct that carried the water extracted 12 km from the city. Originally, the fountain was adorned with numerous sculptures, but was severely damaged by the earthquake of 1667: only 16 carved masks survived from the original decoration.
La Placa, also called Stradun, is the main street of the Old Town and reflects its harmony. 300 meters of white stones dotted with bars, cafes, souvenir shops, churches and palaces. It is here that tourists and locals pour out, by day to visit the city and at night to enjoy the shows and open-air concerts.
The sixteenth-century Palazzo Sponza was initially the seat of the customs, then the mint, the state treasury and finally a bank. It is one of the most superb and magnificent buildings in the city, with its mix of Gothic and Renaissance style. Today it houses the State Archives with an invaluable collection of manuscripts dating back to a thousand years ago. The building, however, is not open to the public.
Palace of the Rectors
Built at the end of the fifteenth century, the palace is decorated with beautiful sculptures. Often used for concerts at the Dubrovnik Summer Festival, the palace was the administrative center of the Republic, the headquarters of the rectors that governed the city. Today the building has been transformed into a museum where ceremonial costumes, portraits, heraldic coats of arms and coins are recalled, recalling the glorious history of Dubrovnik. In the atrium, you can admire the statue of Miho Pracat, who left his inheritance to the community and was the only common citizen in the whole millenarian history of the republic to be honored with a statue.
Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin
On the opposite side of the Palazzo dei Rettori stands the Cathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin. The church was built in the 12th century thanks to a donation by the English king Richard the Lionheart, who found a way out of a shipwreck on the nearby island of Lokrum during the third Crusade. The relics of San Biagio and other 138 reliquaries in gold and silver are kept in the Cathedral’s treasure. Many religious paintings cover the walls of the cathedral, including the polyptych of the Assumption of the Virgin, from the school of Titian.
Adjacent to the Church of San Salvatore is the Franciscan Monastery. Inside the church is the tomb of the poet Ivan Gundulic. The cloister opens in the monastery complex, one of the most beautiful Late Roman structures in Dalmatia.
At the eastern end of Placa is Piazza Luza and Orlando’s Column, surmounted by a bronze statue of a medieval knight. According to legend, Orlando saved Dubrovnik from the Saracen invasion, defeating the invaders near the island of Lokrum. A meeting point for young Croatians, in the past it was the place where the edicts were proclaimed, the festivals were announced and the sentences passed.
Traghetto/ Catamarano/ Nave:
Attractions In Dubrovnik
Seat of the Summer Festival, international review of the greatest musical and dramatic successes, and at the same time also the city of museums, treasures and galleries. Because of all this, Dubrovnik offers you not only various events and rich tourist experiences, but also a complete rest in the quiet and calm environment of a mild Mediterranean climate and picturesque landscapes. There are many possibilities for fun offers. Art exhibitions, theatrical performances, cinema and much, much sport. Boat trips with fish picnics to nearby islands, diving, kayaking and canoeing, water polo, beach volleyball, hiking, climbing, horseback riding and much more. If you love fishing, Dubrovnik and the surrounding area are just right for you: you can relax fishing on a cliff or plunging in with harpoon. The nearest beach to the old city is just beyond the Lazareti, outside Porta Ploce. For naturist beaches, however, you must go to the green Lokrum
Surroundings of Dubrovnik
The entire Dubrovnik region is very famous for its striking landscapes, the mild climate, the greenery and the spectacle of its towns. A trip to the Elaphiti Islands offers a wonderful opportunity to escape at least one day to the crowd of summer vacationers. A few kilometers from Dubrovnik there is Cavtat, a small town set around a bay all beaches. The island of Mljet, also in the territory of Dubrovnik, is perhaps the most seductive island of the Adriatic. Over 70% of its territory is covered by woods, while the remaining part is all vineyards, cultivated fields and small villages. From Dubrovnik you can also reach Korkula, the sixth largest island in the Adriatic, a destination very popular among tourists. Famous above all for its beautiful beaches, its gray-blue sea, its red roofs, the palm trees. With a three-hour drive you can get from Dubrovnik to Mostar, the unofficial capital of Herzegovina, built along the Neretva River. In the surroundings of Dubrovnik you will also find Zaton, a typical Dalmatian town, with its stone constructions surrounded by hills; and Ploce, an important port for Dubrovnik and for Bosnia Herzegovina. Three hours by bus, however, divide Dubrovnik from Makarska, a lovely town with beautiful pebble beaches.